Welcome to Kolhapur Tourism. Kolhapur district is in the southern part of the Maharashtra State. To the south of Kolhapur district is Karnataka State. Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg, and Sangli are the neighbouring districts.
Talukas in Kolhapur District
The Sahyadri mountain strtches along the western part of the Kolhapur. There are Panhala range in the north and the north Dudhganga and the South Dudhganga gill range in the central reagion.
The Chikodi range is in the southern park of the Kolhapur.
The Masai plateau is located in the reagion of Panhala range. The Plains of the Krishna and the Panchaganga rivers towrds the north-eastern part are called the malai plain.
In the region of the Sahyadri mountain there are many ghats – Amba ghat, Phonda Ghat, Amboli ghat etc. Between the hills the region of the level plains.
Rivers in Kolhapur
Kolhapur district lies in the Krishna river basin. However the Panchganga is the major river of the Kolhapur. The kasari, Kumbhi, Dhamani, Tulshi, and Bhogavati rivers merge to form the Panchaganga.
The Panchaganga is the tributary of the Krishna river. Most of these rivers have their source in the Sahyadri ranges.
The Krishna flows along the north-eastern and eastern boundary of the district,
The warna and Panchaganga flo from the west to the east, while the Dudhganga, Vedganga, Hyranyakashi flow from the south-west towards the north-east.
The Panchaganga and Krishna rivers meet at Nrusimhawadi. Dudhganga is the major river in the central part of the Kolhapur and Vedganga is the tributary.
The Dudhganga flows into the Krishna outside the Kolhapur district. There are many towns on the banks of rivers in the Kolhapur.
Climate Of Kolhapur
The climate of the Kolhapur is generally cool and mild. In the region of the high ranges of the Sahyadri in the western part of the district, the climate is cool. Panhala is the hill station of the district. From west to east the climate becomes warmer and drier.
The region of the Sahyadri ranges receives heavy rainfall because of the winds that blow from the west. The rainfall reduces towards the east.
Dams In Kolhapur
Many medium and large dams have been built in the district to stop the water of Panchanganga and other rivers.
Radhanagari, Dudhganga, Warna and Tulsi are the big dams. Also, in many places bunds have been built on rivers. There are lift-ittigation schemes on the banks of rivers.
Water is also provided through wells and tube wells. This water is used for agriculture, factories, for generating electricity, etc.
The western and southern parts of Kolhapur district are hilly and so they have thick forests(dangs).
Trees like shisham, teak, jamun, kinjal, sandalwood, etc are found in these forest.
Fruits trees like mango, tamarind, cachew, etc are also found.
Plants like agaves, grass are found in the eastern part.
Thus, we get timber for buildings, and firewood for fuel from there forests.
We also get other forest produces like hirada, behada, bibba, honey, wax and gum.
Besides domestic animals, some wild animals also found in the forest of Kolhapur.
They are the deer, bison, bear, wolf, tiger, rabbit, etc.
The Chandoli wild life sanctuary is in the North. In the West Dajipur is famous as the ‘Bison Sanctury’.
Agriculture in Kolhapur
Rice is grown in the western part and groundnut in the central part of Kolhapur.
Sugarcane is grown in the most parts. however, due to the fertile soil and irrigation in the eastern part, sugarcane is the grown on a large scale.
Ragi (nachani) is also grown in the hilly region where there is heavy rainfall. Besides bajara, jawar, wheat, gram, turmeric, chillies, tur, moong, are also grown.
The Malai brinjals of Kurundwad are famous. Tobacci is also grown in the eastern area which is receives scanty rainfall.
Besids, onions, potatos, grapes, bananas are also grown in the district. Flowers too are grown making use of the green house technique.
Sugarcane is grown on a large scale in the Kolhapur. Hence, sugar production is the main industry of the district.
Textile industry runs on a large scale at Ichalkaranji.
There are oil mills in the district. There are factories for manufacturing aluminum utensils at uchgaon, Jaisingpur, Kolhapur.
Weaving cloth on hand-loom and blankets as well as rolling bids and making jaggery are major industries of Kolhapur.
Kolhapur is also famous for kolhapuri chappals and Kolhapuri saaj.
Besids, the Kolhapur also has a large industry of milk products.
The district also has several small scale industries like manufacturing of paper from sugarcane bagasse, manufacturing agricultural implements and machine, cement pipes, making silver ornaments etc.
Transportation in Kolhapur
Transport in kolhapur is carried on by road or by railway. The Pune – Bangalore and Kolhapur – Ratnagiri National highways pass through Kolhapur.
The Kolhapur – Miraj railway line also passes through the district.
Kolhapur, Rukdi, hatkanangale, Jaisingpur etc are the stations on this line.
Kolhapur also has a facility for the landing of aircrafts.